Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal; 10; 444-447; 2005. Peñarrocha-Diago M, Gómez-Adrián MD, García-Mira B, Ivorra-Sais M. Valencia University Medical and Dental School, Valencia, Spain.
Bone defects at mandibular alveolar crest level complicate the placement of dental implants in the ideal location. Surgical reconstruction using autologous bone grafts allows implant fixation in an esthetic and functional manner.
We describe a patient with large mandibular bone loss secondary to periodontal inflammatory processes. Reconstruction of the mandibular alveolar process was carried out using onlay block bone grafts harvested from the mandible. The grafts were stabilized by positioning the dental implants through them – a procedure that moreover afforded good primary implant fixation. After two years of follow-up the clinical and radiological outcome is good.
In the lower jaw, where bone regeneration is complicated, we were able to achieve good results in this patient – minimizing the corresponding waiting time by grafting and placing the implants in the same surgical step.